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武汉病毒所所长:我们12月30号才接触新冠病毒

2020年05月24日 11:05来源:知识产权局 手机版 编辑:SkkqlMc7

独家!CGTN对话武汉病毒所所长王延轶 (来源:视频综合)

当新冠肺炎疫情席卷全球,个别西方政客为达某种政治目的,开始大肆宣扬各种病毒阴谋论。“新冠病毒是从武汉病毒所泄漏的”,就是其中一种。随着国际学术界逐渐达成“新冠病毒源于自然界”这一共识,此类阴谋论也随之破产。近日,武汉病毒所所长王延轶接受了CGTN的专访,就一系列与新冠病毒相关的问题进行了回应。

Since the first known cases were reported last December, scientists have raced to find the origins of the virus in the hope of developing a vaccine. In the meantime, a blame game is going>CGTN: Since the outbreak began, there has been speculation that the novel coronavirus leaked from the Wuhan Institute of Virology. How do you respond to that?

这次疫情发生以来,外界一直有一种这样的声音和说法,认为新冠病毒是从我们武汉病毒所泄漏的,才引发了这次全球流行的这样的一种疫情。您怎么看这个问题?

Wang: This is pure fabrication. Our institute first received the clinical sample of the unknown pneumonia>CGTN: An article published in the periodical Nature in April 2018 mentioned a novel coronavirus originating from bats. And this coronavirus was in your lab. Is this the virus that caused the pandemic?

可是我们也同样在2018年4月的《自然》杂志上看到了一篇文章,提到了我们发现了一种来自蝙蝠的新型冠状病毒,这样的一种来自于蝙蝠的新型冠状病毒是在我们研究所的,是不是这个病毒引发了此次疫情?

Wang: In fact, many coronaviruses are called "novel" when they are first discovered, such as MERS (the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome), the>CGTN: But in February, the institute published another article in Nature saying you found another novel coronavirus from bats. The similarity between this virus and the SARS-CoV-2 is up to 96.2 percent, which is relatively high. Could it be the source of the COVID-19 pandemic?

但是在今年的2月,我们又在《自然》杂志上发表了一篇文章,提出我们又发现了一种蝙蝠的新型冠状病毒,这个病毒和这次的新冠病毒相似度达到了96.2%,那是一个很高的相似度,有没有可能是来自于这个蝙蝠病毒呢?

Wang: The bat coronavirus you mentioned which has a 96.2 percent genomic similarity to SARS-CoV-2 is called RaTG-13. From the perspective of many non-professionals, the similarity rate of 96.2 percent is a very high number. But coronavirus is>CGTN: You said the institute didn't have the SARS-CoV-2 nor the live virus of RaTG-13. Since the Wuhan Institute of Virology has been researching coronaviruses, don't you have any live viruses? What does your virus collection center have?

您刚才提到了,这次新型冠状病毒我们是没有的,您又提到了RaTG13这个活病毒是没有的,我们其实一直以来致力于研究冠状病毒,在我们的病毒库里头都没有活病毒吗?这是一个什么样的病毒库?

Wang: Earlier you talked about some research teams from the Wuhan Institute of Virology.>CGTN: The Wuhan Institute of Virology has been devoted to studying coronaviruses since the SARS outbreak. You've made a lot of effort to track the viruses. After the COVID-19 outbreak began, which is due to a brand new virus, what have you done to track its origin?

因为我们病毒所长期以来,自从SARS以后就致力于冠状病毒的研究,我们可以说是深入到很多地方去找这个病毒,那么我们这次新型冠状病毒爆发了以后,这样一个全新的病毒,我们对它的溯源又做了哪些工作?

Wang: The current consensus of the international academic community is that the virus originated from wild animals. But we still don't clearly know what kind of viruses that all different wild species carry across the globe and where the viruses that are highly similar to SARS-CoV-2 are. This is why the cooperation between scientists all over the world is needed to find the answers. Therefore, the issue of origin-tracking is ultimately a question of science, which requires the scientists to make judgments based>

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